Pet owners who contract H1N1 flu may pass the disease along to their pets, especially if the pet is a cat or ferret.
“A small number of companion animal H1N1 flu cases have been confirmed in the U.S.,” said Dick Hesse, a flu expert and director of virology in Kansas State University’s Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. “The pets appear to have become ill after being in close contact with their owners and caretakers who were sick with H1N1. There is no evidence of pets passing H1N1 to people at this time.”
The testing of pets for H1N1 is part of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Animal Health Laboratory Network, said Gary Anderson, director of the K-State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The lab is testing samples submitted by veterinarians for H1N1 diagnosis.
Anderson suggests pet owners see their veterinarian about keeping their pets healthy this flu season.
“Although rare, transmission of influenza viruses from people to dogs and cats can occur,” said Ken Harkin, associate professor of small animal internal medicine. “This is true with both H1N1 as well as H3N2, but the magnitude of the H1N1 pandemic dramatically increases the pet population exposure to influenza virus. We don’t think the pet owner should be overly concerned. However, if pet owners are infected with H1N1 they should notify their veterinarian immediately if the pet becomes ill.”
Information about how H1N1 impacts animals is limited because the strain is new. It is possible that any animal may be susceptible to H1N1, but no other cases have yet been documented in companion animals other than cats and ferrets. Dogs and pet birds have been susceptible to other strains of flu.